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Excoecaria agallocha L.

Excoecaria agallocha L.




Excoecaria camettia Willd., Excoecaria affinis EndI., Stillingia agal­locha (L.) Baillon.

Vernacular Names


Buta-buta (General), bebuta (Peninsular).


Blind-your-eyes, milky mangrove.


Kayu buta-buta (Indo­nesian), kayu betah (Javanese), menengan (Ma­durese, Javanese, Balinese).


Buta-buta (Tagalog, Pilipino), lipata (Bikol, Bi­saya, Tagalog).


Kayaw taway.


Buu-to (Peninsular), tatum thale (Cen­tral).


Gi[as], tr[af] m[ ur].

Papua New Guinea

Sismet (Manus Island), te'eria (Korina, Cen­tral Province), su (Madang  Province).

Geographical Distributions

Excoecaria agallocha is distributed along the coasts of southern India and Sri Lanka to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, China, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, Thailand, throughout the Malaysian region, northern Aus­tralia and the Pacific.


Excoecaria agallocha is a shrub or tree that can reach up to 15(-20) m tall.

The leaves are spirally arranged, ovate or elliptical, measure 3-9 cm x 2-5 cm, shortly blunt acuminate at apex while the margins are crenulate-serrate.

The inflorescence is unisexu­al, with the male inflorescence densely spike-like and almost cat­kin-like when young.

The fruit is a capsule, tricoccous, lobed, about 1 cm in diametre and borne in short racemes.

Ecology / Cultivation

Excoecaria agallocha is common in mangrove forests, tidal thick­ets and freshwater swamp forests up to 100(-400) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph


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  1) Safety


1.  Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

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