Pouzolzia pentandra (Roxb.) Benn.

Pouzolzia pentandra (Roxb.) Benn.

Family

Urticaceae

Synonyms

Gonostegia pentandra (Roxb.) Miq., Memorialis pentandra (Roxb.) Wedd.

Vernacular Names

Thailand

Khop cha naang, yaa non taai (Northern).

Vietnam

Thu[oos]c d[of]i ng[ux] h[uf[ng.

Geographical Distributions

Pouzolzia pentandra is distributed from India to the Philippines and throughout Southeast Asia.

Description

Pouzolzia pentandra is a perennial, monoecious herb that can grow up to 60 cm tall, and with creeping stems and erect branches.

The lower most leaves are arranged opposite while the upper leaves are arranged alternate. They are ovate lance-shaped, measure 2-10 cm x 0.5-1.5 cm, rounded to subcordate at base, acute at apex, entire, with 3 veins extending to the leaf apex, shortly fringed or hairless, sessile or subsessile and with ovate stipules.

The flowers are in bisexual clusters that are spicately arranged in the upper leaf axils and whitish tinged pink. The male flowers are shortly pedicellate and with (4-)5 tepals. The female flowers are subsessile to sessile, its tubular periĀ­anth is with 2 broad wings and 1 narrow wing, while the stigma is cauducous.

The 1-seeded fruit is ovoid or ellipsoid, black, shining and enclosed by a broadly winged perianth.

Ecology / Cultivation

Pouzolzia pentandra is found in humid forests and along watersides from sea level up to 600 m altiĀ­tude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Pouzolzia_pentandra

References

1.  Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.