Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Kuntze

Dichrocephala integrifolia (L.f.) O. Kuntze




Dichrocephala latifolia (Lamk) DC., Dichrocephala bicolor (Roth) SchltdI.

Vernacular Names


Jukut meurit (Sundanese), wedahan, seprah (Javanese).


Klet choum thorn, kombet choun.


Cho ke (Meos, Xieng­khouang).


Phakchee doi (Chiang Mai), saap haeng, haeng khong (Phetchabun).


Rau chu[oo]i, l[uw][owx]ng s[ows]c l[as] nguy[ee]n.

Papua New Guinea

Taka (Wapanamanda, Enga), de­kemp (Mt. Hagen, Western Highlands),

dakuma­dan (Duman, Simbu).

Geographical Distributions

Dichrocephala inte­grifolia occurs in tropical and subtropical Africa, India, Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, and throughout Malaysia, Indonesia (Kalimantan ex­cluded) and the Philippines to Australia  and the Pacific. It is naturalised in Italy  and Turkey.


Dichrocephala integrifolia is an annual, erect or spreading, hairy and aromatic herb that can grow up to 20-60(-100) cm tall. It often branches at the base and roots at the nodes.

The leaves are arranged alternate, ovate to lance-shaped, measure 4-8(-13) cm x 2-3(-5) cm, very variable, simple or pinnatifid, with large terminal lobe, broadly ovate, and coarsely toothed. The first leaves are arranged alter­nate, petiolate, (broadly) ovate, obtuse at base, with entire margin or with a few teeth, apiculate at apex and hairless. The lateral lobes are in 1 or 2 pairs, obovate or oblong and dentate. The petiole is narrowly winged and 0-6 cm long.

The inflorescence is a small head in a lax axillary or terminal panicle. The pe­duncle is up to 2.5 cm long, with 2-seriate involucral bracts, lance-shaped, 5 mm long, with rounded head and 3-5 mm across. The flowers are all tubular but different in size, and marginal female flowers are numerous and slender. The petal is 0.5 mm long, with obscurely 5-dentate apex and from greyish-white to purplish. The bisexual disk flowers are with short-tubular petals of 1 mm long, with 3-4 lobes and greenish to yellowish-white. The marginal and disk flowers are differently coloured in one head. There are 4 stamens which are loosely coherent. The ovary is inferior with 1-2 awns. The style is elongated and with a flattened stigma.

The fruit is a small sub-cylindrical achene, 1 mm long, 2-ribbed at the edges and smooth. The pappus is absent or with 1-2 persistent awns.

The seedling is epigeal germination. The hypocotyls are short while the cotyledons are broadly ovate to broadly elliptical, measure 2 mm x 2.5 mm, petiolate, obtuse at base, apiculate at apex and hairless. The epicotyl is virtually absent.

Ecology / Cultivation

Dichrocephala integrifolia is a common weed of fal­lowed rice fields and moist waste places. It is also found on old clearings, along trails, drainage ditches and roads, especially on clay soils. In Java, it occurs abundantly on humid, mostly hard or stony soils. In Africa, it is found in grass­lands and semi-shaded areas, and in Kenya, it is grazed by cattle. Dichrocephala integrifolia grows mainly be­tween 500-3000 m altitude in the tropics. The flowering time is between April and November in regions with a cool and/or dry season, otherwise, it flowers throughout the year. The fruit of Dichrocephala inte­grifolia is hydrochorous.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 2.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More