Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C. Presl) Merr.

Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C. Presl) Merr.




Phaeanthus cumingii Miq., Phaeanthus macropodus (Miq.) Diels, Phaeanthus nigrescens Elmer.

Vernacular Names


Kalimatas (Tagalog), takulau (Iloko), lapnisan (Bisaya).

Papua New Guinea

Bien (Kebar).

Geographical Distributions

Phaeanthus ebracteolatus is distributed in the Philippines, Brunei, Sabah, East Kalimantan, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Is­lands, the Moluccas, Kai Islands, Aru Islands, Papua and Papua New Guinea.


Phaeanthus ebracteolatus is a shrub or tree, up to 20 m tall and the trunk is up to 35 cm in diametre.

The leaves are obovate to elliptical, measure 7.4-25.3 cm x 2.6-10 cm, while the midrib is with 9-14 pairs of anastomosing veins. The cymes are sometimes reduced to one axis.

The flowers are solitary or 3(-4) together. The sepals and outer petals are 0.8-1.5 mm long while the inner petals are 1.2-2.9 cm long. There are 40-80 stamens, 30-50 carpels and with style absent.

There are 15-30 monocarps which measure 11-17 mm x 7-10 mm, smooth, with stalk 1.3-2.6 cm long, green to yellow to orange when immature before be­coming dark red to purple when ripen.

Ecology / Cultivation

Phaeanthus ebracteolatus is com­mon in primary and secondary lowland forests, on steep hills, especially ridges, on river banks and in open locations, on various soils up to 800 m alti­tude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.