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Ixora coccinea L.

Ixora coccinea L.




Ixora montana Lour., Ixora grandiflora Loddiges.

Vernacular Names


Red ixora.


Soka merah (General), kembang santen merah (Malay), soka beureum    (Sundanese).


Santan-pula, santan (Tagalog), tangpupo (Bisaya).


Kam ron tea.


Khem baan, khem nuu (Bangkok), khem farang (Central).


B[oo]ng trang d[or], d[ow]n d[or].

Geographical Distributions

Ixora coccinea is native in India, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.


Ixora coccinea is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth.

The leaves are ovate to oblong or obovate, measuring 3.5-10 cm x 2-5 cm, with leathery texture, with subcor­date or rounded base, obtuse or slightly acumi­nate at apex, mucronate, with 8-15 secondary veins, with absent or short petiole and long-awned stipules.

The inflores­cence is sessile and densely corymb-shaped. The flowers are with triangular sepal lobes, measure about 3 mm long, acute and red, while the petal tube is 3-4.5 cm long, with lance­-shaped or ovate-lance-shaped lobes, measures 1-1.5 cm long, acute, or­ange to scarlet or white, yellow or pink (mostly in cultivated plants), not fragrant and with exserted red style 3-4 mm long.

The fruit is spherical or so, about the size of a pea, reddish and fleshy.

Ecology / Cultivation

Ixora coccinea is cultivated in lowland areas but also at higher elevations.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). 1998.

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