Study of the action of alpha-hederin on the ultrastructure of Candida albicans.

Author

Moulin-Traffort J, Favel A, Elias R, Regli P

Date

11/1998

Journal

Mycoses

Abstract

alpha-Hederin, a saponin isolated from Hedera helix (L.) (Araliaceae), was tested on Candida albicans ultrastructure. The concentrations used were 6.25, 12.5, and 25 micrograms ml-1 for an exposure time of 24 h. Transmission electron microscopy observations indicated that compared with untreated control yeasts, alpha-hederin induced modifications of cellular contents and alterations of cell envelope with degradation and death of the yeasts. The impact of alpha-hederin on the biomembranes and in particular on the plasmalemma is discussed. The antifungal activity of alpha-hederin was confirmed, as was the minimal inhibitory concentration (25 micrograms ml-1).