Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Biotechnology and Healthcare

From Mon, 7. December 2020 Until Tue, 8. December 2020

International Conference on Malay Medical Manuscript

From Tue, 15. December 2020 Until Wed, 16. December 2020

International Conference on Natural Medicine and Nutrition (ICNMN) 2020

From Thu, 17. December 2020 Until Fri, 18. December 2020

1st Global Summit on Generic Drugs and Quality Control

From Fri, 22. January 2021 Until Sat, 23. January 2021

International Conference on Natural Products and Drug Discovery (ICNPDD) 2021

From Thu, 11. February 2021 Until Fri, 12. February 2021

Folic acid responsive postmenopausal homocysteinemia.


Brattstrom LE, Hultberg BL, Hardebo JE






Homocysteinemia is associated with juvenile arteriosclerosis, recurrent thromboembolic complications and osteoporosis. Plasma homocysteine, measured as homocysteine-cysteine mixed disulfide (MDS), has in other than homocysteinemics been reported to be higher in patients with coronary heart or cerebrovascular disease than in controls, and higher in men than in premenopausal women. Here, in groups of normal men and normal premenopausal and postmenopausal women, we measured plasma MDS in the fasting state and four hours after a methionine load (100 mg/kg body weight), before and after four weeks of folic acid therapy at 5 mg daily. In their fasting plasma, postmenopausal women (n = 5) had significantly (P less than 0.05) higher MDS concentrations than premenopausal women (n = 5) and younger men (n = 5). After the methionine load MDS concentrations in postmenopausal women rose markedly, reaching levels significantly higher than those in younger men (P less than 0.05), and with no overlap with values in premenopausal women (P less than 0.01), or in older men (n = 5, P less than 0.01). Folic acid therapy resulted in substantial reductions (n = 15, P less than 0.01) of MDS concentrations both before the methionine load (-31%) and after (- 28%), though subjects had initially had normal concentrations of serum and erythrocyte folates. We speculate that moderate homocysteinemia might contribute to postmenopausal arteriosclerosis and osteoporosis. Should this prove to be the case, folic acid might be a useful prophylactic.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More