Antiretroviral effect of combined zidovudine and reduced glutathione therapy in murine AIDS.


Magnani M, Fraternale A, Casabianca A




AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses


A combination of antiretroviral drugs acting at different points in the virus replication cycle was evaluated in a murine retrovirus- induced immunodeficiency model of AIDS (MAIDS). Intramuscular administration of high doses of reduced glutathione (GSH, 100 mg/mouse/day) and AZT (0.25 mg/ml in drinking water) was found to reduce lymphoadenopathy (92%), splenomegaly (80%), and hypergammaglobulinemia (90%) significantly more than AZT alone. Combined treatment resulted in a reduction in proviral DNA content of 69, 66, and 60%, respectively, in lymph nodes, spleen, and bone marrow. Furthermore, the stimulation index of B cells was also significantly higher in animals receiving GSH and AZT whereas additional responses were not observed in the T cell stimulation index and blood lymphocyte phenotype analyses. In conclusion, the administration of high doses of GSH and AZT, a new combination of antiviral drugs, seems to provide additional advantages compared to single-agent therapy.