Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

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Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

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Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

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Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

14th National Conference for Clinical Research (NCCR 2021)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Fri, 20. August 2021

8th World Congress on Natural Products, Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 18. October 2021 Until Wed, 20. October 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Holistic Healing 2021 (TMHH2021)

From Thu, 28. October 2021 Until Sat, 30. October 2021

Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides pharmacokinetics in rats.


Morazzoni P , Livio S, Scilingo A, Malandrino S






The pharmacokinetics of Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides (VMA) have been investigated in male rats. After intravenous administration anthocyanosides undergo a rapid body distribution and their disappearance from the blood is suitably fitted by a three- compartment pharmacokinetic model. The elimination occurs mostly through urine and bile. After a single oral administration the plasma concentrations of anthocyanosides reach peak level after 15 min and then rapidly decline within 2 h. The extent of cumulative urinary and biliary elimination together with the gastrointestinal recovery demonstrates an absorption of about 5%. No hepatic first-pass effect has been observed. Despite of the modest gastrointestinal absorption and the low absolute bioavailability (1.2% of the administered dose), the plasmatic peak levels (2-3 micrograms/ml) measured after the oral treatment are in the range of biological activity reported for these substances.

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Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

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Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

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