Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wallich ex Hook.f.

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wallich ex Hook.f.




Fagara myriacantha (Wallich ex Hook.f.) Engl., Zanthoxylum diabolicum Elmer, Zanthoxylum rhetsoides Drake.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Chengkring, kabu-kabu utan (Peninsular).
English Thorny ivy-rue.

Madbad (Samar-Leyte Bisaya).


S[er]n l[as] to, ho[af]ng m[ooj]c nhi[eef]u gai.

Geographical Distributions

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum is found in India (Assam), northern Vietnam, southern China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak) and the Philippines.


Zanthoxylum myriacanthum is a dioecious, evergreen, small to medium-sized tree that can grow up to 25 m tall. The branches are with straight prickles, generally swollen and hollow.

The leaves are arranged alternately, imparipinnate on stems measuring 25-45(-60) cm long, with opposite to subopposite leaflets, 9-19(-23), elliptical, measuring 8-18 cm x 2.5-8 cm and pellucid dotted while the margin is finely glandular and crenate. The terminal or axillary panicle is 15-25 cm long.

The flowers are about 3 mm long, 5-merous, with 5 sepals and 5 petals white and pale yellow to violet in color. The male flowers are with 5 stamens, and 3 rudimentary carpels while the female flowers are with 3(-4)-carpellate ovary. The follicle is nearly spherical, measuring 3-6 mm in diametre, and single or up to 3 together.

Ecology / Cultivation

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum is locally common in secondary forests and thickets on hills and mountains.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(3): Timber trees: Lesser-known timbers.