Cinnamomum burmanni (C. Nees & T. Nees) C. Nees ex Blume

Cinnamomum burmanni (C. Nees & T. Nees) C. Nees ex Blume




Laurus burmanni C. Nees & T. Nees, Cinnamomum mindanaense Elmer.

Vernacular Names

English Indonesian cassia, Padang cassia, cassia vera.
Indonesia Kayu manis (Indonesian), ki amis (Sundanese), manis jangan (Javanese).
Philippines KaliƱgag (Manobo), kami (Bagobo).
Thailand Suramarit (Nakhon Ratchasima).
Vietnam Qu[ees] tr[ef]n, qu[ees] r[af]nh.

Geographical Distributions

Cinnamomum burmanni is distributed in Malesia. It is cultivated in Indonesia (Java, Sumatra) and the Philippines.


C. burmanni is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can reach up to 15 m tall.

The leaves are sub-opposite while the petiole is 0.5-1 cm long. The blade is oblong-elliptical to lance-shaped, measuring 4-14 cm x 1.5-6 cm, pale red, finely hairy when young but hairless when older and glossy green above, glaucous and pruinose below.

The inflorescence is a short axillary raceme. The pedicel is 4-12 mm long. The perianth is 4-5 mm long and after anthesis, the lobes tear off transversely about halfway. The stamens measure about 4 mm long and with 2 staminodes are 2 mm long.

The ovoid berry measures about 1 cm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

C. burmanni occurs in Indonesia from sea level to 2000 m altitudes, but in the important production area of Padang, it grows best between 500-1500 m altitudes with an evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000-2500 mm. The light and rich sandy loams yield the best bark.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices.