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Chloranthus erectus


Chloranthus elatior, Cryphaea erecta, Chloranthus officinalis, Chloranthus salicifolius, Chr. sumatranus, Chloranthus erectus [1]

Vernacular Names:


Sambau Paya, Sigueh Puteh, Rami Hutan, Keras Tulang [3] (Peninsula); Dikut-dikut, Langut-langut (Sarawak)[6]

Indonesia Keras tulang (Malay); Uyuh-uyuhan (Java); Haros Tulang (Sumatra)[6]
Thailand Hom Kai (Northern); Kraduk Kai (Central)[6]
Philippines Barau-barau (Luzon); Tul-an Hindad (Samar); Tunggao (Tagbanua)[6]
Cambodia Kba:k Damrei[6]
China Yu Zi Lan[5]

General Information


Chloranthus erectus is a member of the Chloranthaceae family. It is an erect shrub with nodular stems that is green and smooth. The shrub reaches up to 60cm high. The leaves are elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate with narrowed tip. It measures 12.5cm long and 6cm wide with numerous veins. The inflorescence is in the form of spikes 4-5 in numbers and measures 4 cm long. The flowers are small and white with 3 stamens. The drupe measures 1.5cm long and is white when ripe.[3]

Plant Part Used

Leaves and roots [5]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

Gynaecology & Obstetric uses

The plant is considered an aphrodisiac and in particular for women.[2] In India the juice from boiled branches is used as a contraceptive and the root and bark acts as an antispasmodic during childbirth.[7] The leave extract is a cure for venereal diseases.[7]

Antipyretic and Analgesic

Chloranthus erectus is considered a sudorific and diaphoretic and is used extensively to treat fever. In India the leaves or roots is used for this purpose.[7] It is also used to treat headaches and bodyaches.[2]

Pre-Clinical Data


Anti-inflammatory activity

The methanol extract of C. erectus was subjected to a series of tests to determine its anti-inflammatory potentials. It was found that this extract was able to inhibit inflammatory processes in acute, subacute and chronic test models.[4]


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

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  1) Botanical Info


  1. Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner, Rudolf Mansfeld, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops Springer-Verlag Berlin 2001 pg. 127.
  2. Noraida Arifin Penyembuhan semula jadi dengan herba PTS Litera Utama Kuala Lumpur, 2005 pg. 58 – 59.
  3. Kamarudin Mat-Salleh, A. Latiff Tumbuhan Ubatan Malaysia Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi 2002 pg. 150.
  4. Tag H, Namsa ND, Das AK, Kalita P, Mandal SC. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory potential of Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) Verd. leaf extract in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Nov 12;126(2):371-4.
  5. Zipcode zoo ( Accessed on 27th July 2010.
  6. GlobinMed ( Accessed on 27thJuly 2010.
  7. Indian Medicinal Plant Growers Consortium ( Accessed on 27th July 2010.

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