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Leptospermum flavescens


Melaleuca thea, Leptospermum polygalaefolium, Leptospermum porophyllum, Leptospermum thea [4]

Vernacular Names:


Gelam Bukit, Cina Maki, Serai Kayu Wangi

English Yellowish South Sea Myrtle, Red Tea Tree [8]

Gelam Bukit, Hurong


Paripingain, Malasulasi, Tinikaran

General Information


Leptospermum flavescens is a medium sized shrub of the Myrtaceae family. It has many twiggy angular branches clothed with reddish-brown bark. The leaves are linear-lanceolate, submucronate, onscurely three nerved. They are very numerous and are delicately tipped with pink. The flowers are solitary, growing out of the apex of the branch. They are numerous, white tinged with yellow. The calyx is glabrous, teeth roundish, coloured. The bracts are deciduous while the petals are roundish, waved, dotted, shortly unguiculate, pure white, turning yellowish, when dry. The stamens about twenty, inclined inwards and the anthers orange brown in colour. The lower and inferior part of the germen hemispherical, smooth, upper and superior part obscurely five-lobed. The sytle rather thick, as long as the stamens, The sigma is dilated, and five-lobed at the margin, umnbilicated in the centre. The cells of the germen is five, each only seeded. The ovules linear and curved.[3]

Plant Part Used

Leaves [1]

Chemical Constituents

d-pinene; b-pinenecitrale; aromadendrene; citral; citronellale; eudesmen; eudesmol; eugenole; flavesone; geraniol; grandiflorone; leptospermol; leptospermone;[2][5][7]

Traditional Used:

In Malaysia it is used in the treatment of constipation. The leaves in a decoction is used to induce diarrhoea in constipated individual. The leaves are used to stimulate appetite and relieve stomach discomfort.

The leaves are brew into a tonic tea and the decoction is given for the relieve of dysmenorrhoea. [1]

The leaves are also used in the treatment of lethargy, hypertension, diabetes and kidney pains.[6] The volatile oil from the leaves when inhaled could relieve bronchitis. and is also used as embrocation for rheumatism.

Pre-Clinical Data


No documentation


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation


    1. Raymond Stark The Book of Aphrodisiacs Methuen Publications, Ontario 1980 pg. 142
    2. R. O. Hellyer and J. T. Pinhely The Structure of grandiflorone, a new b-triketone J. Chem. Soc. C. 1966 pg. 1496 – 1498
    3. John Sims Curtis Botanical Magazine Volume 53 Sherwood, Gilbert & Co. London 1826 Vol53:2695
    4. Joseph Dalton Hooker The Botany of the Antartic Voyage: of H.M. Discovery Part III Flora of Tasmaniae Vol. 1 Dicotyledones Lovell, Reeve London 1860 pg. 139
    5. Peter Hanelt Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Volume 2 Springer Verlag Berlin 2001 pg 937
    6. Batugal, P.A., Kanniah, J., Sy, L., Oliver, J.T. Medicinal Plants Research in Asia – Volume 1 IPGRI-APO Serdang 2004 pg. 122
    7. J.L. Simonsen The Terpenes The Cambride University Press London 1953pg 138
    8. Malasulasi, Leptospermum flavescens SM. Red Tea Tree: Philippine Herbal Therapy / Alternative Medicine ( Accessed on 29th Oct. 2010

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