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Alpinia vitellina (Lindley) Ridley var. cannaefolia (Ridley) I.M. Turner

Alpinia vitellina (Lindley) Ridley var. cannaefolia (Ridley)    I.M. Turner




A. cannaefolia Ridley, Languas cannifolia (Ridley) Burkill.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puar minyak, temu (Peninsular).

Geographical Distributions



Alpinia vitellina is a stout herb with a size measuring up to 1.2-1.5 m tall.

The leaves are lance-shaped to oblong in shape, measures up to 30 cm x 15 cm, narrowed base while the petiole is measures up to 2-5 cm long. The panicle is an erect, measuring 10-15 cm long, pubescent and with small bracteoles.

The sepal is measures 2.5 mm long and pubescent while the petal tube is slender, with linear lobes, measuring 2.5 cm long, rounded and yellow. The labellum is measures 2-2.5 cm long, oblong, bifid, crisped margins and orange. The staminodes are short and red. The stamen is measures 2.5 cm long, with broadly winged filament, orange and pubescent. The 3-lobed anther is crested.

The capsule is an oblong, pubescent and with 2-3-seeded.

The measures 8 mm long black seed is an oblong.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. vitellina occurs in dense secondary forest, and is rather rare.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

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