Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertner

Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertner




B. spicata Blume, B. luzonensis Vidal, B. edaphocarpa Gagnep.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Jurai-jurai, pokok gajah beranak, putat nasi (Peninsular).
English Indian putat.
Indonesia Putat (Malay), alakang (South Sulawesi), kacuk (Merauke, Papua).
Papua New Guinea ko=o (Delena, Central Province).
Philippines Apaling (Igorot), putat (Tagalog, Pampaya, Bikol), kalambuaia (Iloko).
Burma (Myanmar) kyeni, kyi.
Laos ka dôn nam, ka dôn noy.
Thailand Chik na (Peninsular), kradon thung (North-Eastern), tong (Northern).
Vietnam m[uu]ng, l[ooj]c v[uwf]ng, chi[ees]c d[or].

Geographical Distributions

From Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka to Indo-China, southern China, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, and throughout the Malesian area towards northern Australia.


This is a shrub or small tree, measuring 2-13(-25) m tall, measures 20-90 cm in diametre of its trunk and measures 3-5 mm in diametre of the twigs.

The leaves are elliptical or obovate-oblong, measuring (5-)6-16(-22) cm x 2-6(-8) cm, obtuse apex, acute or acuminate, finely serrate-crenulate, hairless or hairy while the petiole is measures 4-10(-15) mm long. The raceme is terminal, pendulous, measures 20-45(-78) cm long, measuring up to 75-flowered, sessile or with 3-7 mm long pedicel. The opening buds are 5 mm long. The sepal tube is measures about 0.5 mm long and not accrescent. The free sepals are green. There are 4(-5) petals, which are elliptical, convex, with a size measures of 0.6-1(-1.2) cm x 0.4-0.7 cm and usually red, white or pink. The stamens are in 3 whorls, 1-2 cm long, deep pink or dark red. The ovary is 2-3(-4)-celled, with measures 1-2 cm long style and dark red.

The berry is oblong, measuring 2-6 cm x 1-3 cm, acutely angled to almost globular, 4- or 8-winged or slightly winged and tapered to the apex. The exocarp is thin, fibrous and wrinkled. The mesocarp parenchymatous is with two layers of anastomosing fibres. The endocarp is a thin brown membrane that covers the inside of the cell.

The seed is ovoid, measuring 1-4 cm x 0.5-1.5 cm and grooved.

Ecology / Cultivation

B. acutangula grows mostly along rivers, on plains regularly inundated or in swamps or freshwater mangroves from sea-level up to 750(—1600) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

      Explore Further

      Consumer Data

      Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

      Read More
      Professional Data

      Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

      Read More
      International Data

      We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

      Read More